Below are the answers and the explanations to the Grammar and Correct Usage Practice Test 1. The incorrect word or phrase in the sentence is highlighted red, while the correct word or phrase is highlighted green.
1. The inventor stood to except the award.
Correct Sentence: The inventor stood to accept the award.
Explanation: Accept means “to receive”, except means “to exclude.”
2. Between the three of us, I think I am the slowest runner.
Correct Sentence: Among the three of us, I think I am the slowest runner.
Explanation: Among is used to refer to 3 or more members of the group, while between is used to refer to two member of the group.
3. There are scarcely no more birds in this city.
Correct sentence: There are scarcely any birds in this city.
Explanation: Double negative. Scarcely and no more are both negative word/phrase.
4. This fruit contains fewer sugar.
Correct sentence: This fruit contains less sugar.
Explanation: Fewer is used to describe plural nouns (how many) while less is used to describe singular nouns (how much). Sugar is singular.
5. I have never seen nothing as beautiful as this city.
Correct sentence: I have never seen anything as beautiful as this city.
Explanation: Double negative. Never seen and nothing are both negative word/phrase.
6. Place the mirror on the wall to give you an allusion of bigger room.
Correct sentence: Place the mirror on the wall to give you an illusion of bigger room.
Explanation: Allusion means “a passing or casual reference,” while illusion means “something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality.”
7. We were lucky we didn’t have typhoon this month. (No Error)
8. My favorite vegetable are peas.
Correct sentence: May favorite vegetable is peas.
Explanation: The subject is favorite is singular, therefore the verb are should be is.
9. Either James or John are going to lead the choir in the recital tommorow.
Correct sentence: Either James or John is going to lead the choir in their recital tomorrow.
Explanation: In either or statements, the verb considers the subject after the or statement. The subject John is singular, so the verb should be is. The correct spelling is tomorrow.
10. The additional supplies that we need to bring are: band aids, cottons, alcohol, and gauze.
The additional supplies that we need to bring are band aids, cottons, alcohol, and gauze. (The colon was deleted).
The additional supplies that we need to bring are the following: band aids, cottons, alcohol, and gauze.
Explanation: The colon is used before a list of items especially after expressions like the following and as follows. Do not use a colon before a verb or a preposition.
11. All the students has finished their report.
Correct sentence: All the students have finished their report.
Explanation: In this sentence, “all” refers to many students, therefore “have” is the correct verb.
12. He was a honorable man.
Correct sentence: He was an honorable man.
Explanation: A is used before words beginning with a consonant sound (a car, a pencil), while an is used to before words beginning with vowel sounds (an ant, an egg). An is also used to before words beginning with the consonant h when h is not pronounced (such as honorable).
13. The recently heavy flooding effected the crops of farmers.
Correct sentence: The recently heavy flooding affected the crops of farmers.
Explanation: Affect means “to influence” while effect means “the result of some actions.”
14. Emmanuel could of passed the examinations if he had studied hard enough.
Correct sentence: Emmanuel could have passed the examinations if he studied hard enough.
Explanation: The word “of” is not used after the verb could.
15. I believe that were going to have a prosperous new year.
Correct sentence: I believe that we’re going to have a prosperous new year.
Explanation: The word were is the past tense of was while we’re is the contraction of we are.