## How to Solve Number Word Problems Part 3

This is the third part of **The Number Word Problem Series**. In this post, we will be solving number word problems about consecutive numbers. In number word problem solving, consecutive numbers are numbers that follow each other in order. Here are the examples of consecutive numbers (integers).

consecutive numbers: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, …

consecutive odd numbers: -2, 0, 2, 4, …

consecutive odd numbers: 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, …

I am quite sure that you have solved consecutive numbers in your high school mathematics class.

In the previous post, we finished our 6th problem, so, we start with the seventh problem.

**Problem 7**

The sum of two consecutive numbers is . What are the two numbers?

**Scratch Work**

If is a number, then the next consecutive number is . Therefore, if two numbers are consecutive and the smaller number is , then the next number is . Their sum is . This means that if we add and , the result is equal to . From there, we can now form our equation.

**Solution**

Let be the smaller number and be the larger number.

Subtracting from both sides, we get

Dividing both sides by , we get

.

Therefore, the smaller number is and the larger number is

Check: .

**Problem 8**

The sum of three odd consecutive numbers is . What are the three numbers?

**Scratch Work**

Please take note that we are talking about odd numbers. So, if the smallest number is, say, , the next odd number is . The next odd number is . So, if the smallest number is , we have

: next odd number

: largest odd number

Now, if you add these three numbers, the sum will be .

**Solution**

Let , , and be the consecutive odd numbers.

Subtracting from both sides we have

Dividing both sides by , we have

.

So, the numbers are , and .

Check: .

**Problem 9**

The sum of three even integers is . What are the three numbers?

**Scratch Work**

Observe from the introduction above, the consecutive even numbers also increase by 2 everytime. So, if the smallest number is , then the other larger numbers are and .

**Solution**

Subtracting from both sides of the equation results to

Dividing both sides by , we have

.

Therefore, the three numbers are , , and .

Check: .

In the **next post**, we will solve various number problems particularly those with fractions.

## Heron

September 9, 2018Hai mam sir how could I answer this ….one third of a certain number added to 1/5 of the next consecutive number is 5 .what is the sum of two numbers ???

The answer of this is 20 but how it become 20…????