Calculating Areas of Geometric Figures
Area of geometric figures are very common in Civil Service Exams and also other types of examinations. Area is basically the number of square units that can fit inside a closed region. In a closed region, if all the unit squares fit exactly, you can just count them and the number of squares is the area. For example, the areas of the figures below are 4, 10, 8 and 20 square units.
The figures blow are rectangles (yes, a square is a rectangle!). Counting the figures and observing the relationship between their side lengths and their areas, it is easy to see that the area is equal to the product of the length and the width (Why?).
The blue rectangle has length 5 and width 2, and counting the number of squares, we have 10. Of course, it is easy to see that we can group the squares into two groups of 5, or five groups of 2. From this grouping, we can justify why the formula for the area of a rectangle is described by the formula
where is the area of the rectangle, is the length and is the width. Since the square has the same side length, we can say that
where is its area and is its side length.
There are also certain figures whose areas are difficult to calculate intuitively such as the area of a circle, but mathematicians have already found ways to calculate the areas for these figures.
Challenge: Find the area of the green and blue figure below and estimate the area of the circle.
Below are some formulas for the most common shapes used in examinations. Don’t worry because we will discuss them one by one.
Triangle: , is base, is height.
Parallelogram: , is base, is height
Trapezoid: , and are the base, is the height
Circle: r is radius
In this series, we are going to discuss the areas of the most commonly used figure in examinations and we will discuss various problems in calculating areas of geometric figures. We are also going to discuss word problems about them. Questions like the number of tiles that can be used to tile a room is actually an area problem.
NEXT in this series: How to Solve Rectangle Area Problems Part 1