Articles are basically adjectives. They modify nouns. There are three articles namely a, an, and the. The is used to refer to something specific or particular. It is called a definite article. A and an refer to something non-specific or non-particular. They are called indefinite articles.
* Please give me the newspaper. In this sentence, the speaker refers to only one news paper.
* Please give me a newspaper. In this sentence, there are many news papers. The speaker doesn’t care what newspaper.
* An amateur chess player won the world championship match. In this sentence, an amateur player is a non-specific player; however, the world championship match is a specific championship game.
Difference Between A and An
(1) a is used for a singular nouns that begin with a consonant letter (a cat, a chair, a mirror, a horse) or beginning with a consonant sound (a university which really sound like ‘yooniversity’)
* an is used for singular nouns that begin with a vowel letter (an elephant, an eggplant) and begin with a vowel sound (an hour which sound like ‘our’)
Grammar Quiz – Articles
Choose the article that best goes into the blank/s in each sentence.
1. Bill was so tired, so he put his bag on ____ sofa and watched TV.
2. It’s so hot. Would you like to go to a restaurant and have ___ cold rink?
3. My father is ___ professor at ___ university in Singapore.
4. Jim, stop playing. Your father is on ___ phone.
5. I will wait for him at ___ front gate of the building.
6. I have been waiting for you for more than ___ hour.
7. Victor is ___ amazing orator.
8. Mona Lisa is __ great work of art.
9. I think, someday, some people will live on ___ moon.
10. Can you pass me __ sugar please?
How many did you answer correctly? For more quizzes and practice test, visit the Practice Test page.