Grammar Tutorial: Simple Present Tense

We use the simple present tense when expressing action in the present taking place once, never or several times, facts, actions taking place one after another, and action set by a timetable or schedule

The simple present tense obeys the subject verb agreement and, of course, the verb is in present tense.

Simple present tense are used in the following situations.

(a) Facts and generalizations

1.) The sun rises from East.
2.) The dog barks.

(b) Repeated actions, customs,  and habits

1.) People celebrate Christmas on 25th December.
2.) Kenyans go for elections every five years. 

(c) Things happening now.

(1) He balances on a rope.
(2) He begins his speech now.

(d) Things happening in the near future.

(1) The train leaves in 2 minutes.
(2) The program starts in 1 hour.

When asking questions in this tense, the auxiliary must reflect the number.
e.g. Does he walk to school ?(singular subject)
Do they walk to school? (plural subject)

If you are not sure whether it is in present tense or not, there words we would consider markers of present tense, for example: always, every …, never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually… e.t.c

QUIZZ FOR PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

1.) The food in Japan is expensive. It ___ a lot to live there.

a. cost
b. costs
c. costing

Answer
b. costs

2.)  His job is great because he ___ a lot of people.

a. meet
b. meets
c. is meeting

Answer
b. meets

3.) He always ___ his car on Sundays.

a. wash
b. washes
c. is washing

Answer
b. washes

4. My watch is broken and it ___ to be fixed again.

a. need
b. needs
c. needed

Answer
b. needs

5. I ___ to watch movies.

a. love
b. loves
c. loving

Answer
love

6. I ___ to the cinema at least once a week.

a. go
b. goes
c. went

Answer
a. go

7. They never ___ tea in the morning.

a. drink
b. drinks
c. drunk

Answer
a. drink

8. We both ___ to the radio in the morning.

a. listen
b. listens
c. listened

Answer
a. listen

9. He ___ a big wedding.

a. want
b. wants
c. wanted

Answer
b. wants

10. George ___ too much so he’s getting fat.

a. eat
b. eats
c. eaten

Answer
b. eats

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