Grammar Rules: Future Tense

Written by Leny Ortega

After discussing present tense and past tense, we now continue this series on how to form the future tense of the verb.

Future tense of the verb is used to express an action intended to be done in the future time. Therefore, actions are not yet done nor completed. Time expressions such as next year, on Monday, tomorrow, etc are used.

  • Shall / Will  + verb in the base form is the format used.

e.g. will / shall retire, will /shall eat, will /shall quit, will / shall deliver, etc.

  • Sometimes the is / are + going to form of the verb is used to denote actions in the future. Example: The cabinet officials are going to meet the President tomorrow at luncheon meeting.

Examples:

  1. Mother will retire at sixty-five next year.
  2. Father promised that he will quit smoking when he returns home next month.
  3. The Pope will leave the country on Monday afternoon.
  4. Classes will resume on Tuesday.
  5. They will go to the United States next summer vacation.

Exercises:

Choose the correct form of the future tense inside the parentheses.

  1. The students (will submit, will submitted) the projects on Tuesday.
  2. Panfilo Lacson (are going to resigned, is going to resign) as Rehabilitation Czar next month.
  3. Papal Visit next week (will became, will become) a memorable experience to most Catholics.
  4. The K12 curriculum (will implement, will be implemented) next school year nationwide.
  5. They both agree that they (will go, will be gone) on living separate lives starting tomorrow.

Answer:

  1. Answer to number 1 is will submit . Will or shall is followed by the base form of the verb. Meaning, verb should not be in the past tense.
  2. The first choices in number 2 are wrong. Simply because the subject, Panfilo Lacson is singular so we cannot use the verb are instead, it should be is. Another thing is the going to form followed by the past tense of the verb resigned. This is wrong because as a rule for infinitive to is followed by the verb in the base form. Thus, it should be to resign. Therefore, the correct answer to this number is, is going to resign.
  3. Number 3 answer is will become not will became. Obviously, the latter option makes use of the verb in the past tense after the auxiliary verb will. This is wrong because will / shall is strictly followed by verb in the base form.
  4. The choices in number 4 are both in the future tense. However, they differ in the voice of the verb. The first one will implement is in the simple future tense while the other option, will be implemented is in the future tense, but in the passive voice. Since the K12 curriculum is not the doer of the action or the implementer, (it is the DepEd), will implement is not the correct answer. The better answer is will be implemented.
  5. The same explanation in number 4 will apply to this number. The second option, will be gone is wrong because we have a doer of the action here which is the pronoun They. The correct answer here is, will go.
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