Grammar Tutorial: Future Progressive Tense

Written by Leny Ortega

In the previous tutorials on tenses, we have learned about past progressive tense. We continue our tutorial by discussing future progressive tense.

Future Progressive Tense is used to express an action that is going on in the future before another action is about when a certain time comes. If you are going to analyze this tense of the verb is almost similar to the future perfect tense in idea.

Form: will be + present participle or verb –ing (will be sleeping, will be eating, etc)

Time markers, such as by the year ends, weeks from now, a few months from now, etc., are commonly used to express the future progressive tense.

Example:
1. By the time she retires, she will be participating in many civic activities.
2. I will be sleeping by 12 midnight.
3. He will be receiving many meritorious awards by the time he graduates from the academy.

Exercises: Use the correct form of the verb inside the parentheses.

1. By the time she (finish) cleaning the yard, the unexpected visitors (arrive) to give her a surprise
birthday party.

2. Students (flock) the public schools a few months from now.

3. The family (expect) another baby by the year ends.

4. By the time the candidate (file) his protest, the people (elect) a new president.

5. By the time she (submit) the report, the fact finding committee (release) its own report of the probe.

Answers:

1. The answers are finishes, will be arriving. The pronoun, she, is singular so, we use the s-form of the verb here. Then, the verb in –ing (arriving) is used after the will + be phrase to denote future progressive tense.

2. The future time expression, a few months from now, tells us futurity of the action. It is foreseen that during these months the students will be flocking the public schools.

3. Another time expression is used in this sentence: by the year ends. The family will be expecting another baby to be born before New Year comes.

4. The subject in the phrase, by the time, is the noun candidate which is singular. Therefore, the verb files, is used. Then, the correct future progressive form of the verb (elect), will be electing. The idea here is that before the filing of the protest the winner in the election has already been declared.

5. In this sentence, the by phrase uses the pronoun she, which is obviously a singular. So, submits is the correct form of the verb. Then, in the main sentence, the correct future progressive tense of the verb is will be releasing. Sentence 4 and 5 has almost the same idea.

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