In the previous post, we have learned how to solve quadratic equations by factoring. In this post, we are going to learn how to solve quadratic equations using the quadratic formula. In doing this, we must identify the values of , , and , in and substitute their values to the quadratic formula

.

Note that the value of is the number in the term containing , is the number in the term containing , and is the value of the constant (without or ).

The results in this calculation which are the values of are the roots of the quadratic equation. Before you calculate using this formula, it is important that you master properties of radical numbers and how to calculate using them.

Example 1: Find the roots of

Solution

From the equation, we can identify , , and .

Substituting these values in the quadratic formula, we have

.

We know, that . So, we have

Therefore, we have two roots

or

Example 2: Find the roots of

Solution

Recall, that it easier to identify the values of , , and if the quadratic equation is in the general form which is . In order to make the right hand side of the equation above equal to 0, subtract 15 from both sides of the equation by 15. This results to

.

As we can see, , and .

Substituting these values to the quadratic formula, we have

.

But .

Therefore,

.

Factoring out 2, we have

Therefore, we have two roots:

or

That’s it. In the next post, we are going to learn how to use quadratic equations on how to solve word problems.