Analogy Exercise 1

Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

1.) North : ____ :: Up : Down
a.) East
b.) South
c.) Left
d.) Middle
e.) Bottom

2.) One : Three  :: ____ : Nine
a.) Two
b.) Three
c.) Five
d.) Seven
e.) Nine

3.) Square : Four :: ____ : Seven
a.) Pentagon
b.) Parallelogram
c.) Heptagon
d.) Nonagon
e.) Pendragon

4.) _____ : Kabul :: Philippines : Manila
a.) Iraq
b.) Kyrgyzstan
c.) Nepal
d.) Afghanistan
e.) Oman

5.) Bishop : Chess :: _____ : Badminton
a.) Player
b.) Swing
c.) Shuttlecock
d.) Tennis
e.) Court

6.) Fur : ____ :: Petal : Flower
a.) Lion
b.) Coat
c.) Dress
d.) Cold
e.) Smooth

7.) Colony : Ants :: ____ : Penguins
a.) Colony
b.) Pack
c.) Herd
d.) School
e.) Company

8.) Bad : Egregious :: Loquacious : ____
a.) Good
b.) Shy
c.) Worst
d.) Silent
e.) Talkative

9.) Children : Child :: ____ : Ox
a.) Wolves
b.) Oxes
c.) Group
d.) Oxen
e.) Wolf

10.) ____ : Snake :: Bleat : Sheep
a.) Pipe
b.) Caw
c.) Hiss
d.) Bellow
e.) Squeak


1.) b. South – Relationship: Opposite
2.) b. Three – Relationship: Ratio and Proportion
3.) c. Heptagon – Relationship: Number of Sides
4.) d. Afghanistan – Relationship: Country capital
5.) c. Shuttlecock – Relationship: Part to whole
6.) a. Lion – Relationship: Part to whole
7.) a. Colony – Relationship: Collective name to animals
8.) e. Talkative – Relationship: Synonyms
9.) d. Oxen – Relationship: Plural to Singular
10.) c. Hiss – Relationship: Sounds to Animals

Civil Service Exam Vocabulary Review 15

This is the PCSR 15th vocabulary reviewer.

1. Abridge – verb
Shorten, diminish, curtail

Because my time was limited, I just watched the abridged version of the movie.

2. Blunder – noun
Error, careless mistake, blooper

The criminal’s blunder led to his capture.

3. Cacophonous- adjective
Discordant, loud noise

I did not sleep well last night because of the cacophonous sound upstairs.

4. Deadlock-noun
Standstill, dead end, stalemate

Because the negotiations had reached a deadlock, the team leader decided to take a recess.

5. Ensconce-verb
Settle, establish

After her retirement, the old maid ensconced on her rest house by the beach.

6. Fervent-adjective
Ardent, hot

After attending a retreat, Allison suddenly felt a fervent desire to change herself.

7. Gibe-verb
Mock, jibe, slam, taunt

The mean girls at school consistently gibed at Minna, teasing her about her old clothes.

8. Heinous-adjective
Atrocious, hatefully bad

Most of the senators voted to bring back the death penalty, but for heinous crimes only.

9. Incorrigible-adjective
not correctable

The effect of the drugs on the youth makes them incorrigible; they will just keep on justifying their wrongdoings.

10. Insipid-adjective
Lack of flavor, dull

Grandma prepared us an insipid cookie. We pretend that it was sweet so that grandma’s feelings won’t get hurt.

Civil Service Exam Vocabulary Review 14

This is the PCSR 14th vocabulary reviewer.

1.) gullible – adjective
Easily deceived or tricked, credulous, naïve, exploitable

Example: The Budol-Budol group is now in jail for scamming gullible senior citizens.

2.) abyss – noun
Bottomless gulf or pit, extremely deep hole

Example: While standing on a cliff to capture his perfect shot, he dropped his phone into a murky abyss.

3.) connoisseur – noun
An expert able to appreciate a field; especially in fine arts, expert, specialist

Example: The discriminating eye of the connoisseur inspired the artist to improve her crafts.

4.) larceny – noun
Theft of personal property, stealing, thieving

Example: The congressman has been charged with grand larceny because of his unexplained wealth.

5.) elegy – noun
A sorrowful poem or speech, a lament for the dead

Example: Maria offers an elegy during his father’s wake.

6.) eloquent – adjective
Persuasive and moving, speaking effectively

Example: The candidate was very eloquent during his speech, reaching out to many people’s hearts and expressing his sincerity.

7.) ingrate – noun
Ungrateful person

Example: Hanna is an ingrate child; you can never please her no matter what you do.

8.) flippant – adjective
Not showing a serious or respectful attitude

Example: During a very serious discussion, Marco made a flippant remark that made his co-workers disappointed.

9.) drapery – noun
Hanging cloth used as blind (especially in windows) coverings

Example: The school’s hall is decorated with red draperies to celebrate the Valentine’s day.

10.) fluctuate – verb
Rise and fall irregularly, to change continually, shift back and forth or up and down

Example: The electrical fluctuation caused the lights to blink irregularly

Tips and Tricks in Answering Word Analogy Questions Part 1

Analogy is one of the types of questions that is always included in the Civil Service Examination, both professional and sub-professional. This type of question is one of the trickiest questions in English. In this post, we are going to discuss some of the tips that you can use in answering this type of question.

Before discussing the first tip, you should note that there are two types of word analogy. The first one is called single-word analogy and the second is called double-word analogy. Here are some examples.

Single Word Analogy

_____: king :: bench : judge
a. queen
b. court
c. throne
d. knight

Double Word Analogy

prize : contestant::

a. trophy: presenter
b. diploma: principal
c. medal: runner
d. book: author
e. mortgage: lender

Do you know the answers to the questions above?

Now, let us proceed to the tips in answering analogy questions.

Tip 1: Take note of the relationships among the words.

It is important to know the relationship among words and their particular order as shown in the next example.

petal: flower

A. hands: nail
B. car: road
C. monitor: computer
D. daughter: mother

The relationship above is an example of a part to whole relationship. In the question, petal is a part of a flower. Petal is also a vital part of a flower. Among the choices, we can see that only hands and nail have the same relationship. However, the order is reversed. In hands and nail, the relationship is now whole to part. Remember, order is important. If the question is part is to whole, the answer should also be part to whole.

Below are some of the common relationships used in word analogy questions.

Here, the relationship is part to whole. Water is part of an

Cause and effect 
rain : flood
virus : flu

addition : addend
chef : toque

hut : mansion
glance : stare

preschool : grade school
engagment : marriage

net : fishing
scissors : cutting

cheetah : fast
snow : cold

benevolent : kind
courage : bravery

hot : cold
loose : tight

In the next post, we are going to discuss more tips and tricks, so keep posted.

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The Word Analogy Tutorial Series

In the previous three posts, we have discussed methods and strategies on answering word analogy questions. In this post, we are going to summarize what we have learned.

This is the Word Analogy Tutorial Series.

How to Answer Word Analogy Questions Part 1 uses double word analogy question as an example to answer basic questions on verbal analogy. It uses the strategy of putting the words in sentences in order to see the relationship easily. It also teaches a strategy like looking at the words if they are noun, verb, etc. to identify the answer.  » Read more