## Understanding Conditionals I: First Conditional

We use First Conditionals to talk about events which are possible. The Conditional clause can refer to the present or the future.

Conditional clause main clause
If + Present Simple – will + bare infinitive

1. If we hurry, we’ll catch the bus.
2. If we miss it, there’ll be another one.

The Conditional clause can come before or after the main clause. We use a comma at the end of the Conditional clause when it comes first.

1. If I hear any news, I’ll phone you.
2. I will phone you if I hear any news.

Other structures are possible, depending on what you want to say.
Conditional clause main clause
If + Present Simple – modal verb
If + Present Simple – be going to (future)
If + Present Simple – Imperative
If + Present Continuous – will + bare infinitive
If + Present Perfect – will + bare infinitive
If + Present Perfect – modal verb
Imperative – and/or + will

Exercises: Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1. If you (see) Tom (tell) him I have message for him.
2. If you’d like some ice I (get) some from the fridge.
3. That book is overdue. If you (not take) it back to the library tomorrow you (have) to pay a fine.
4. If you (want) to see some of his drawings I (send) them round to your office.
5. (take) more exercise and you’ll soon feel better.