## PCSR Civil Service Exam Review Guide 1

PCSR 2017 CIVIL SERVICE EXAM REVIEW GUIDE 1
Updated: April 25, 2017

PART I: MATHEMATICS

A. GCD

Videos

Lesson 1: Understanding Common Divisors
Lesson 2: Common Divisors and Greatest Common Divisor
Lesson 3: Exercises on Getting the GCD
Lesson 4: Getting the GCD by Prime Factorization
Lesson 5: GCD and Reducing Fractions to Lowest Terms

Articles

B. LCM

Videos

Lesson 1: Least Common Multiple Part 1
Lesson 2: Least Common Multiple Part 2
Lesson 3: Least Common Multiple Part 3

Article

C. Proper, Improper, and Mixed Form

D. More on LCM and GCD

PART II: ENGLISH

A. Vocabulary

Tip: Try to memorize the words and use it in your own words.

B. Grammar

Lesson 1: Verb and Tenses: An Introduction
Lesson 2: The Subject-Verb Agreement Rules Part 1
Lesson 3: The Subject-Verb Agreement Rules Part 2
Lesson 4: Subject-Verb Agreement

C. Spelling

Civil Service Review Spelling Quiz 1

Part III: CLERICAL Operations (Subprofessional)

Alphabetizing Rules Part 1
PART IV: TIPS AND TRICKS

Enjoy!

## The Subject-Verb Agreement Rules Part 2

In the previous post, we have learned seven rules of the subject-verb agreement. We now continue with the 8th rule.

Rule 8: Modifiers between the subject and the verb does not affect the number of the subject.

Jason, who is a father of four, is currently suffering liver cancer.

In this sentence, the phrase “who is a father of four” is a modifier of Jason. It does not affect Jason as a subject and therefore takes a singular verb ‘is.’

Rule 9: Some nouns (collective nouns) can be used as singular or plural depending on the context and usage.  Continue Reading

## The Subject-Verb Agreement Rules Part 1

Subject-verb agreement means that the subject and verb endings agree in number.　Determining singular or plural endings can be confusing because an -s ending on a noun indicates plural, whereas an -s ending on a verb indicates singular form. The subject of every sentence is either singular or plural, and that determines the ending of the verb.

In the examples below, the subjects in the sentences are underlined the verbs are italicized.

Rule 1: Singular nouns (usually without s) take singular verbs (usually with s). Plural nouns (usually with s) take plural verbs (usually without s).

Examples:

The bee buzzes every night. (One bee = singular verb)

The bees buzz every night. (More than one bee = plural verb)

## Verbs and Tenses: An Introduction

In the next few weeks, we will be looking at tenses. When we talk about the tenses, we cannot look at them in isolation. We are actually looking at verbs.

In this post we will review the basics of verbs. It is through them that we will tell the tense in which a sentence is.

What are verbs?

Verbs are actions in sentences.  A verb denotes the action or state of being of the subject in a sentence. The actions can be physical or mental.

Examples

She went to the party.
Anna considers the job easy.    Continue Reading

## English Grammar Mock Quiz 1 – July to August

As you have observed, I am a new writer here at Ph Civil Service. I will be writing articles on Grammar and Correct Usage. 🙂

In the past month, I have discussed subject-verb agreement, how to identify pronouns, how to use the personal pronouns I and me, and contractions. Below is a mock quiz of all these topics.

## Grammar Tutorial: Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement:

If the subject is singular the verb should have “s” at the end. If the subject is plural there is no “s” at the end of the verb, except for the word “I” which always take the plural form of the verb.

Example: Jenna writes a poem.

In this sentence, the subject Jenna is singular, so the verb writes has “s” at the end.

Example: We visit our grandparents every Sunday.

In this sentence, the subject we is plural, so the verb visit has no “s.”

## Subject-Verb Agreement Practice Test 1

The subject-verb agreement is one of the basic rules in grammar and correct usage. It is important that you master this rule if you want to pass the Civil Service Examination.

The basic rule in the subject-verb agreement is that a singular subject requires a singular verb and a plural subject requires a plural verb. Of course, to be able to answer correctly, you must be able to identify the subject of the sentence and the verb. As a review, a subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the verb. A verb on the other hand, is a word that shows action. We will have a separate discussion on these topics. For now, just answer the practice test below and see how much do you remember of the subject-verb agreement.

Subject-Verb Agreement Practice Test 1

1. My brother or my sister are arriving tomorrow.

2. Neither Ella nor her friends is available to assist you.

3. Armand, together with his friends, are going on a camping trip tomorrow. Continue Reading