Grammar Tutorial: Simple Future Tense

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The simple future tense indicates that the action is in the future relative to the speaker. Verbs in the future tense are not changed (or inflected), instead, helping verbs such as will and shall  are added before the base form of the verb.


I will buy a computer tomorrow.

I shall return.

Shall we dance?

Will you help me?

In the first example, the helping verb will is added before buy which is a verb in base form. In the second sentence, the helping verb shall is added before the verb return. The future tenses in question are also shown above.

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Grammar Tutorial: Simple Past Tense

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Simple past tense is used when the action referred to happened in the past.

Example: They walked to the police station yesterday.

In this example, the verb walk is added with “ed” since the situation happened the day before. This is indicated by “yesterday.”

Rules in Forming the Verbs

a.) Verbs ending in e are usually just appended by -d.


  • dive – dived
  • tie – tied
  • carve – carved

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Grammar Tutorial: Simple Present Tense

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We use the simple present tense when expressing action in the present taking place once, never or several times, facts, actions taking place one after another, and action set by a timetable or schedule

The simple present tense obeys the subject verb agreement and, of course, the verb is in present tense.

Simple present tense are used in the following situations.

(a) Facts and generalizations

1.) The sun rises from East.
2.) The dog barks.

(b) Repeated actions, customs,  and habits

1.) People celebrate Christmas on 25th December.
2.) Kenyans go for elections every five years.  Continue reading

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